Boswellia serrata, or Sallaki, is a tropical plant belonging to the genus Burseraceae. They are moderate sized flowering plants, both trees and shrubs. The plant produces fragrant resin, and is used to make frankincense. Boswellia is widely used in traditional medicine, and forms an important part of ayurvedic medicine.

According to research studies, Boswellia Serrata (Shallaki) is a good anti-inflammatory and acts as pain killer. It is also used to treat osteoarthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and even used in asthma problem.

Boswellia is rich in phytochemicals and alkaloids. Beta boswellic acid is the main constituent. It also contains other pentacyclic triterpene acids. These phytochemicals provide Botswellia with its health benefits, mostly in treatment of disorders.

Frankincense (Kunthirikkam) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from the trees of Boswellia. It is tapped from the thin, but hardy trees by slashing the bark, which is called striping, and allowing the exuded resin to bleed out and harden to form Frankincense

The fresh gum from Frankincense is chewed for strengthening the teeth and gums, to stimulate digestion, to expel congested phlegm, and to combat halitosis. Small pieces of gum are inserted into painful teeth and to combat dental caries. The resin is boiled in milk until a thick paste is formed, which is then applied as a poultice to inflamed swellings such as mastitis, and taken internally for bronchial conditions. It is infused in wine for respiratory conditions. Frankincense has cytophylactic properties, meaning that it encourages healthy growth and regeneration of skin cells. Because it has wound-healing effects on the skin, it is useful for treating eczema, boils, acne, scars, stretch marks, skin ulcers, and inflamed skin.

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