PARNABEEJA-Kalanchoe pinnata, formerly known as Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as the air plant, cathedral bells, life plant, miracle leaf, and Goethe plant is a succulent , perennial plant, about 1 m (39 in) tall, with fleshy cylindrical stems.The leaves are remarkable for their ability to produce bulbils. At their margin, between the teeth, adventitious buds appear, which produce roots, stems and leaves. When the plantlets fall to the ground, they root and can become larger plants.


It is widly used  for the treatment of kidney stones, gastric ulcer, pulmonary infection, rheumatoid arthritis. This plant leaf and stem and leaf portions contains significant chemicals which are most needed in medicinal industry, e.g., Bufadienolides. It is potential anticancer and insecticidal active compound. The other phytochemicals proved against UTI, parasitic, bacterial infections, antiulcer active and antidepressant. Now it becomes endangered plant which needs to be conserved as well as explored for its significant green chemistry.

Leaves are known to possess neurosedative and muscle relaxant, antimicrobial,antiulcer, uterine contractility,antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic, antihypertensive and nephroprotectiveactivities. The medicinal and pharmacological properties of Bryophyllum pinnatum are ascribed to the presence of alkanes, alkanols, triterpenes and sterols, triterpenoids and phenanthrenes, flavonoids, bufadienolides alkaloids, glycosides and lipids.

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