Tylophora indica is an important medicinal and endangered climber of Asclepiadaceae family.

  • The plant is used by the common people in certain regions of India for the treatment of various diseases including bronchial asthma, cancer, dysentery, hay fever, inflammation, rheumatism, arthritis, and dermatitis. The plant has also been employed to cure cold, psoriasis, whooping cough, seborrhoea, anaphylaxis, respiratory infections, and leukopenia and is an inhibitor of the Schultz-Dale reaction.
  • The active principle of this plant lies in its leaves and roots which are known to exhibit emetic, cathartic, laxative, expectorant, diaphoretic, and purgative properties. The presence of pharmacologically active alkaloids, viz., tylophorine, tylophorinine, tylophorinidine, imparts medicinal value to the plant. Tylophorine exhibits strong anti-inflammatory activity, while tylophorinidine is a potent antitumor alkaloid of Tylophora.
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